History of the Spotted Rail (<em>Pardirallus maculatus</em>) in Jamaica with first photographic documentation of breeding

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Gary R. Graves
Vaughan A. Turland
Catherine Levy

Abstract: The Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus) was presumed extinct in Jamaica for most of the period between its discovery by W.T. March in 1863 and its rediscovery in 1977 in the Upper Morass of the Black River system, St. Elizabeth Parish. An individual salvaged in 1987 in Mandeville, Manchester Parish, is the sole modern specimen from Jamaica and the only recent record away from the Black River. Populations of unknown size occur in both the Upper (~1,760 ha) and Lower Morasses (~6,075 ha) of the Black River. Evidence of breeding was reported from the Upper Morass in 2012 and photographic documentation of juvenile rails was obtained in 2014.

Keywords: Black River Morass, Jamaica, Pardirallus maculatus, St. Elizabeth Parish, Spotted Rail, West Indies, W.T. March

Resumen: Pardirallus maculatus estaba considerada extinta en Jamaica en la mayor parte del período entre su descubrimiento por W.T. March, en 1863, y su redescubrimiento en 1977 en Upper Morass, en el sistema del Black River, distrito de St. Elizabeth. El único espécimen moderno de Jamaica es un individuo rescatado en 1987 en Mandeville, en el distrito Manchester y es el único registro lejos del sistema del Black River. Existen poblaciones de tamaño desconocido tanto en el Upper (~1 760 ha) como en el Lower Morasses (~6 075 ha) del Black River. Se ha registrado evidencia de cría en el 2012 en el Upper Morass y se ha obtenido evidencia fotográfica de juveniles de esta especie en el 2014.

Palabras clave: Black River Morass, Caribe Insular, Jamaica, Pardirallus maculatus, St. Elizabeth Parish, W.T. March

Résumé: Le Râle tacheté (Pardirallus maculatus) a été considéré comme éteint en Jamaïque pendant la majeure partie de la période comprise entre sa découverte par W.T. March en 1863 et sa redécouverte en 1977 dans les marais d’Upper Morass du système de la Black River, St. Elizabeth Parish. Un individu trouvé en 1987 à Mandeville, Manchester Parish, est le seul spécimen récent de la Jamaïque et la seule mention récente à distance de la Black River. Des populations de taille inconnue sont présentes dans les marais de l'Upper Morass (~1 760 ha) et du Lower Morass (~6 075 ha) de la Black River. Une preuve de nidification a été signalée dans l’Upper Morass en 2012 et des photographies d’individus juvéniles ont été prises en 2014.

Mots clés: Antilles, Black River Morass, Jamaïque, Pardirallus maculatus, Râle tacheté, St. Elizabeth Parish, W.T. March

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